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ΪʲôҪΪȨ

ʱ䣺2018-09-28

ժҪ

һΪȨ

ΪȨ?ѧɶвͬĽ͡ȻȨΪ, ÿΪ˵϶ضȨ, ЩȨתáɰᡣڸָ:"һ˵, ȨĻǾ, ǵȷλͳ־־ɵ, ־ȨʵȨĿ, Ȩϵѳʵ"[1]Щڹ㷺, ͨ˵Ĺ˵, ȨDZǿijµһӵдȨ, ²з, ϵıϡ

ΪʲôҪΪȨ

˵Ȩάʶ

Ȩʥַͨ, ⲻһ¥ĿںšҮΪ, Ȩֺܵʱ, ÿȨ˾һ:ӦȨ, ֺֿ, ս, ֺȨڲ, жϡж, , , Ȩƽ, ǺƽȨ[2]Ҳ˵ʵʹȨĹ, ÿ˶һȨ⡣‘ΪάȨijǷֵ?’û˻ΪһٿĶ, һǧȥѰҡڲͬݵ˵, ȨȻͬũΪԼеظ, Ϊ˵汣, Դ, صԶںƽ˾ֺ, ڮѡĬ, ũ˵һֵһᡣһ, άȨѾתΪһֵļ⡣άȨǰʧά, ʧѡĬʱ, ȨѾڡ

ҹιȲƽ, ɷϵ, Ȩάʶкܴ⡣ÿũίỻѡ, ܻسijѡ˻ǮѡƱ⡣Žֹ, ֵľֻǺѡ˱ȨͷԵ⡣“ûг, ûзǷ”仰ʮֺʡѡٺǮͶƱȨ, ѡ񿴵ĽǼֻмʮԪ, Ƕ˵“ò”ķɸѡȨ

˵Ĵdzй㷺, ĴȨȨ档Ϊ, ȻũάȨѾ޴, DzͶȥάȨ, ôҿ޺֮ǼũƲåΪ, ŮԼҪ, Ըַʵ, ôҽʵʩһȨΪһֹ, ˵, ƲȨij˵ɢ

ΪʲôҪΪȨ

ҮΪ, ֿ, Ȩ˶Լ[2]ȻȨתõ, ΪȨҲȻƵһ붯, һҪԭڵ²档˲һĴ, һֵµĴڡһ, ҮΪ, ȨǸ˵ĵµ, ǶԸ˵µά[2]ȨʶҲһǷǸе֡ȫǷǸ׼, , еȨֺܵʹ, ж, ȨԾܾ;ġǷǸеıж———ȱж, ǷǸлή, ȫȥ, ֱܸоʹࡣ[2]һʱ̵ij, ҲȻǸȫɥʧı־

ȨǷɸʵһӵȨΪȨΪڷ, ²ϵıȫͬΪȨǴӵĸ˾, ά˸ȨıҪֶΡάȨǶԼ, ΪȨȴǶ񡣵˵Ȩʶܵʴ, ǷǸܵ, ״̬ѸӰ쵽, ֱǷǸ֮ɥʧ, һɥʧǷǸеĹ, м, ʵλмΡ֮, ʱػԼȨ, ʱΪȨ, γȨʶ, ҵķν̱ܿ, ɴ˶Ļء

ġȫƽιµȨά

201410, ʮ˽ȫȫƽι, ҹνȲƽʮŴǿȫι̡ڴ˱, ȨάԵΪҪ

ȫι, ıѧ, ֪, طάϷȨ֪ı֡ȫιƽŲɺӵá

塢ڴ˹Ӧ

ͨ϶ε, ȨʶԹҵԶ׼Է˵, Ȩв͸, ҪͨȨ岢Ϊ֮ܶһѵĹ̡ʱ, ҵòŸ͹ԡΪַʽ

(һ) ӹҲӴάȨʶ

йʮ˴ǿ, ȫƽιιȻֻǹҲ, ˵ʵʩΪҪͨ, ִҲȻߡӦ̨طɻij, άȨʶ, ӹҵʡٵÿһ, ֯ξȨʶؽʹؾÿһ֪

ӦôСʼ翪跨ؿγ, С˷, Ȩʶ, ôΪ, Դݸ, ഫ

() һ, ˽Ȩ,

ʹȨʶõǿ, ʵʵʩȴô˳άȨ֮ǰ, ضάȨɱ, άȨѾ޴, ijԭ˻öȨ뷨ʱӦṩذ, 򾭼֧, Ǽİ, ֮, ӶάȨ

ĵͬ˵ĵ, Ȼžҳʹķ, ŸӦȫάÿһ˶ʹ, ȨΪʱ, ȭͷһ㹻, Ȩʶ, ô֮ıһǹ, ʵλ

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[1]Cohen&Cohen Little, Readings in Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy, Brown and Conpany.
[2][]Ҭ, , ֣, .ΪȨ.ӡ, 2016.3.

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